Periodontics is a surgical specialty of dentistry that involves treatment of disease processes affecting the gums and tooth supporting bone; in other words, the tissues surrounding the teeth. A periodontist is a dentist who has obtained two to three years of advanced training in diagnosing and treating periodontal disease processes.
Most often, the first course of treatment for periodontal conditions involves non-surgical procedures. However, some periodontal conditions are most effectively treated with surgical techniques.
Periodontal surgery procedures can be divided into two basic types: removal of diseased tissue (resective treatment) and building back gums and bone which have been lost to disease processes (regenerative treatment).