Simple Tooth Extractions
Simple tooth extractions are tooth removal procedure that can be accomplished from above the gums using traditional elevator and forcep instruments. It is a process of removing teeth without the need of surgical techniques, which are call surgical tooth extractions.
Generally, teeth that are candidates for simple tooth extractions have straight roots and enough solid tooth structure extending through the gums to grasp and manipulate with the instruments. “Simple” implies that the tooth is not cut into pieces and no incision is made in the gum tissues to gain access to the tooth.
Simple tooth extractions are prescribed if teeth are too extensively damaged from decay or trauma to be fixable, or if they are infected and the patient is not a candidate for root canal treatment (endodontics). Simple tooth extractions are also frequently prescribed when the teeth in one or both jaws are severely crowded, and straightening the teeth would require unnecessarily complex orthodontics with a compromised treatment outcome. Most commonly, either two or four bicuspid teeth are removed in cases of significant crowding.
Sometimes the decision to remove a tooth is based on cost, if the procedures required to restore it would involve significant expense. This is especially true if the likelihood of long-term success is not good.